Muse is a wearable device in the form of a comfortable headband designed to sense the electrical rhythms of the brain (much like an EEG). The headband is coupled with a smartphone app that monitors the user’s brain electrical activity in real time. Users receive immediate feedback about their brain activity and guidance so that a “calm” or meditative pattern can be achieved. Use of this device over time is thought to help reduce distractibility, improve stress control and improve mood.

Available for: Specific Apple and Android devices (see list). The product combines a physical headband with an app.
Company: Interaxon
Classification: Mindfulness
Targeted conditions: Mood Disorders, Stress & Anxiety
Target demographic: Adults
Special provider necessary: No
Non-English Language versions available: No
Where to get it: Purchase it from Interaxon

Expert ratings and reviews

PsyberGuide rating: The research and support basis of the product

Total score: 9/14

Basis of research: 0/3
Source of funding for the research: 1/2
Specificity of proposed intervention: 2/3
Number of consumer ratings: 3/3
Product advisory support: 1/1
Software support: 2/2

date of rating: June 2016

Explanation of the rating factors

MARS rating

Quality scores range from 1 to 5, where 5 is the maximum score

  Not yet available

Expert review

Read the expert review by Dr. Michael Knable

Research on the product

The following studies are research on the effectiveness of neurofeedback, and are not research specific to the Muse product:

  1. Bink M, van Nieuwenhuizen C et al: Neurocognitive effects of neurofeedback in adolescents with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry 75:535-542, 2014
  2. Peeters F, Oehlen M et al: Neurofeedback as a treatment for major depressive disorder – a pilot study. PLoS One.2014 Mar 18;9(3):e91837. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091837. eCollection 2014
  3. Gruzelier JH, Thompson T et al: Application of alpha/theta neurofeedback and heart rate variability training to young contemporary dancers: state anxiety and creativity. Int J Psychophysiol 93:105-111, 2014
  4. Koprivova J, Congedo M et al: Prediction of treatment response and the effect of independent component neurofeedback in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blind study. Neuropsychology 67:210-223, 2013
  5. Nazari MA, Mosanezhad E et al: The effectiveness of neurofeedback training on EEG coherence and neuropsychological functions in children with reading disability. Clin EEG Neurosci, 43:315-322, 2012
  6. Kouijzer ME, van Schie HT et al: Is EEG-biofeedback an effective treatment in autism spectrum disorders? A randomized controlled trial. Appl Psychophsiolo Biofeedback 38:17-28, 2013.
  7. Nelson DV, Esty ML: Neurotherapy of traumatic brain injury/posttraumatic stress symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 24:237-240, 2012.
  8. Hammer BU, Colbert AP et al: Neurofeedback for insomnia: a pilot study of Z-score SMR and individualized protocols. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 36:251-264, 2011
  9. Gruzelier JH: EEG-neurofeedback for optimizing performance. I: A review of cognitive and affective outcome in health participants. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 44:124-141, 2014
  10. Ros T, Munneke MAM, Ruge D, Gruzelier JH, and Rothwell JC: Endogenous control of waking brain rhythms induces neuroplasticity in humans. European Journal of Neuroscience, 31:770-778, 2010
  11. Vidyarthi J and Riecke BE: Interactively mediating experiences of mindfulness meditation. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 72:674-688, 2014

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